Emergency Action Plan Director
Emergency Action Plans for High Rise Commercial Buildings
Upcoming Emergency Action Plan Directors Courses
|Private Group Class||9am-5pm|
Fee: $175.00 per person. This includes all instruction and course materials.
Groups of 10 or more can schedule private group training at your location, or in our convenient midtown class room – and may qualify for a discount based on the headcount.
Local Law 26 of 2004 required that the Fire Commissioner adopt standards, procedures and requirements for the orderly evacuation of occupants from any office building, including evacuation of persons necessitated by explosion, biological, chemical or hazardous material incidents or releases, natural disasters or other emergency, or the threat thereof.
The law requires that each office building subject to the requirements of the rule prepare an Emergency Action Plan, submit it for Fire Department review and acceptance, and implement it within designated time frames.
Owners of office buildings must develop procedures for sheltering in place, in-building relocation, partial evacuation and full evacuation of the building, in response to various emergency scenarios. The final rule sets forth specific guidelines and requirements for the form and content of the Emergency Action Plan. It requires the designation of a Fire Safety EAP Director to be authorized to implement the Emergency Action Plan.
What is an emergency action plan? (Fire Department rule 3 RCNY 6-02)
An emergency action plan (EAP) describes the actions employees should take to ensure their safety if a fire or other emergency situation occurs. Well developed emergency plans and proper employee training (such that employees understand their roles and responsibilities within the plan) will result in fewer and less severe employee injuries and less structural damage to the facility during emergencies. A poorly prepared plan, likely will lead to a disorganized evacuation or emergency response, resulting in confusion, injury, and property damage.
An emergency action plan is a written document required by particular OSHA standards. The purpose of an EAP is to facilitate and organize employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies. The elements of the plan must include, but are not limited to:
- Evacuation procedures and emergency escape route assignments.
- Procedures to be followed by employees who remain to operate critical plant operations before they evacuate.
- Procedures to account for all employees after an emergency evacuation has been completed.
- Rescue and medical duties for those employees who are to perform them.
- Means of reporting fires and other emergencies.
- Names or job titles of persons who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan.
The emergency action plan should address emergencies that the employer may reasonably expect in the workplace. The types of incidents or emergencies that should be addressed by the emergency action plan include, but are not limited to:
- Biological Incident or Release
- Bomb Threat
- Chemical Attack
- Civil Disturbance
- Dangerous or Disgruntled Person
- Elevator Entrapment
- Explosions (Bomb)
- Explosion (Mechanical or Accidental)
- Flood (Natural disaster or Mechanical)
- HAZMAT Spill
- Hostage Situation
- Suspicious Mail or Delivered Package
- Suspicious Item or Package
- Mechanical Failure
- Medical Emergency
- Natural Disaster and Weather Related Issues
- Radiological Incident
Few incidents require the immediate implementation of the EAP; rather, there is more often a period of time as the situation unfolds where clear, concise and appropriate action taken may well avoid the need to actually implement the EAP.
The elements of the emergency action plan are presented in the Occupational Safety & Health Administration Regulations (Standards 29-CFR paragraph 1910.38(c)) can be supplemented by the following to more effectively achieve employee safety and health in an emergency. The employer should list in detail the procedures to be taken by those employees who have been selected to remain behind to care for essential plant operations until their evacuation becomes absolutely necessary. Essential plant operations may include the monitoring of plant power supplies, water supplies, and other essential services which cannot be shut down for every emergency alarm. Essential plant operations may also include chemical or manufacturing processes which must be shut down in stages or steps where certain employees must be present to assure that safe shut down procedures are completed.
The use of floor plans or workplace maps which clearly show the emergency escape routes should be included in the emergency action plan. Color coding will aid employees in determining their route assignments.
The employer should also develop and explain in detail what rescue and medical first aid duties are to be performed, and by whom. All employees are to be told what actions they are to take in these emergency situations that the employer anticipates may occur in the workplace.
The Emergency Action Plan applies to all office buildings and spaces that meet the definition set forth in the New York City Building Code that are:
- Greater than six (6) stories in height; or
- Greater than seventy-five feet or more in height; or
- Occupied or arranged to be occupied for an occupant load of more than one hundred persons above or below the street level or more than a total of five hundred persons in the entire building; or
- Otherwise required by law, rule or regulation, or as a condition of a governmental approval, to provide a fire safety director in such building in accordance with the requirements of the New York City Administrative Code
- Ordered by the Fire Department to comply with the requirements of this section, based upon a determination that compliance with this section is required in the interest of public safety given the location, use or occupancy of the building.
Developing a comprehensive emergency action plan that deals with those issues specific to your building is not difficult. It involves taking what was learned from your workplace evaluation and describing how employees will respond to different types of emergencies, taking into account your specific building layout, structural features, and emergency systems. Most organizations find it beneficial to include a diverse group of representatives (management and employees) in this planning process and to meet frequently to review progress and allocate development tasks. The commitment and support of all employees is critical to the plan’s success in the event of an emergency; ask for their help in establishing and implementing your emergency action plan.
Please contact us for answers to questions about emergency action plans, fire safety plans, or fire and life safety training.